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Definition of Abortion

Written By Admin on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 | 9:38 AM

Abortion (noun):
a.   Termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo or of a fetus that is incapable of survival.
b. Any of various procedures that result in such termination and expulsion. Also called induced abortion.

As stated above, abortion is the termination of a fetus.   In other words, the fetus dies, whether by the mother's choice or by accident (such as a miscarriage or stillbirth.)   Medically, all terminations of pregnancy not resulting in a live birth are defined as abortions.   Each year throughout the world, 45million abortions are performed.   Compare this to 128.6 million births per year and you get approximately 35% of fetuses each year that never get a chance to live.   When discussing abortion, one aspect to consider is that there are two forms or types of abortions, induced abortions and spontaneous or non-induced abortions. Induced abortions are deliberate, human-induced abortions.   Induced abortions are subcategorized into therapeutic abortion and elective abortion.   Therapeutic abortions are abortions requested because the pregnancy poses health risk to the pregnant woman.   Elective abortions are abortions requested for any other reason by the pregnant woman.   There are many reasons for induced abortions.   A few of the reasons include but are not limited to:
· Want to postpone childbearing
· Cannot afford a baby
· Has
relationship problem or partner does not want pregnancy
· Risk to fetal health
· Risk to maternal health
· Too young; parent(s) or other(s) object to pregnancy
· The mother is a victim of rape or incest.
In some countries such as China, due to policies and social pressures, women have no choice but to perform self-abortions.   This is because, in their attempt to control overpopulation, China has a one child per family policy.   Other countries throughout the world have similar policies and social pressures, which force sex-selective abortion and infanticide.   Although they may be illegal in such countries, sex-selective abortion and infanticide still occur even today.   Usually, male fetuses are strongly preferred over female fetuses.   This is because the fathers want a male heir to carry on the family name and be the man of the house instead of a daughter who is thought to be weak and worthless.   The two main types of induced abortions are chemical and surgical.   With the chemical abortions, a woman can choose to take the "Morning-After Pill" the morning following rape, incest or sexual intercourse.   This prevents the zygote from attaching to the wall inside of the uterus.   The other form of chemical abortion can be done later on in the pregnancy.   In this one, the doctor can administer the chemical RU-486.   Some of these abortions (approximately
8%) need a surgical follow-up, usually by vacuum aspiration.   There are a few types of surgical abortions but the most common forms are Manual Vacuum Aspiration abortion, which consists of removing the fetus or embryo by suction using a manual syringe.   The Electric Vacuum Aspiration abortion method uses suction that is produced by an electric pump to remove the fetus or embryo.   Neither of these procedures sounds enjoyable.   Abortion should be illegal in the state of Michigan because it violates the right to life for that unborn child, there are too many risks associated with abortions, and because every child is a wanted child.
Everyone, in Michigan and throughout the United States of American, has the right to life.   It is included in our three unalienable rights (Right to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.)   Even though everyone has these rights, each year throughout the world, many abortions occur, whether induced or spontaneous.   So many unborn babies never even got a chance at life.   Those children never got to see their parents and family, grow up, to go to school, play sports, make friends, fall in love, get married and have children of their own.   Who knows what their lives would have held for them or for the world.   Maybe that life which was aborted today would have found a cure for AIDS or Cancer.   Maybe they would have
been a future president or travel to a distant planet.   However, because one selfish woman's actions, we will never know what that person may have done with their life.   We all have a right to life and everyone should get a chance to live because you never know what one will do once we give him or her that chance.

Another problem with abortion is that fact that besides killing the unborn child, there are risks for the pregnant woman, including death.   One risk is heavy bleeding.   Some bleeding after abortion is normal.   There is a risk of hemorrhage, especially if the uterine artery is torn. When this happens, a blood transfusion may be required.   There is also the risk of perforation of the uterus.   There is a risk that the uterus may be punctured or torn by abortion instruments. The risk of this complication increases with the length of the pregnancy. If this occurs, major surgery, including a hysterectomy, may be required.   A hysterectomy is surgical removal of part or the entire uterus.   Other risks include:
· Infection
· Incomplete Abortion
· Damage to Internal Organs
· Abortion May Effect Risk Levels in Future Pregnancies
· Abortion May Increase the Risk of Emotional Problems
· Tearing of the Cervix
· Spiritual Consequences
· Scarring of the Uterine Lining
The risk with the worst possible outcome is an allergic reaction to drugs.
  There is a risk of an allergic reaction to the anesthesia used during abortion surgery.   These risks include convulsions, heart attack and, in extreme cases, death.   It is outrageous that women would risk all of this, even their lives, just to take away another life.  
Every child, not just within the United States but also throughout the world, is a wanted child.   Just because one woman does not want that child, does not mean another woman or family does not want it.   Each year, many women, men, couples and families wish to adopt child, whether the child is from America or another country, such as Russia.   Those wanting to adopt children are put onto lengthy waiting lists and only hope to adopt a child.   If more women chose to put their child up for adoption rather than aborting it, many more hopeful people would get to adopt the child of their dreams.   Adoptive parents pay tens of thousands of dollars in order to adopt these children, as well as submitting to various screening procedures so you know the baby would be put into a loving proper home.   Children who would have lived in a disadvantaged home or in poor conditions, have a better chance at life when put up for adoption.
Each year, 1,370,000 abortions occur in the United States.   Those 1,370,000 lives were never lived.   Those 1,370,000 children could, and should, have been adopted rather
than aborted.   All of those women will have to live with their choice for the rest of their lives.   Some of those women will be just fine, while other will have severe emotional problems such as anger, depression and suicide.   Women considering abortion should bear in the mind the risks associated with abortions, not only the short-term risks but the long term ones as well.   They also need to think about their unborn child's right to life and look at all their options.   If it is not possible for the woman to keep the baby, the best choice is not aborting it but letting an aborting it live and put that child up for adoption.   The only reason a woman should even consider having is if the pregnancy will cause severe and/or fatal harm to the woman or child.   Even then, there are possibly other options to keep in mind.   Each life is precious and each life has a purpose. .   This is why abortion should be illegal in Michigan and throughout the world

Works Cited

Bacon, Beth. World Issues: Abortion. Chrysalis Education, 2005.
Currie, Stephen. Abortion. San Diego: Greenhaven P, Inc., 2000
Lassieur, Allison. Abortion. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 2001.
"Learn About Abortion Procedures and Abortion Risks." Considering Abortion. 15 Nov. 2005 .
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language. Fourth ed. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.

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